MODERN CHALLENGE + human development

History is a search for keys past that help to explain the present time, which it also makes history, from the basis that the first condition for change the reality, is to know it.

To achieve our main objective, which is to understand the colonial city and the issue of housing, from public policies undertaken by the colonial administration in northern Morocco, we have been forced to travel to different Invisi ble cities: the political city, the symbolic city, the city legislated, the city planned, the city by law, etc.. Thus, we have been opening in a chronological order, our understanding of this complexity that makes up the modern urban fact, aware that each of these cities happened in the life of the inhabitants, and its map needs to cover, among which was the dwelling under a decent roof.

In this research, in latent form, as our compass north, there is an aspiration, a permanent question: the open city, we look forward to a city chosen by and for everyone, a city inclusive, participatory, healthy, safe, quiet, horizontal , the good life and poise.

It has been showing the difficulty of the phenomenon of urbanization of society and its concentration in cities. We do not believe that there are recipes, simple and bottled utopia of happiness, from the medina to fadela. We have stated  how the model or paradigm of city, influences but not exclusively in urban development. We have described how cities depend on the mechanisms of promotion and private and public funding. We have found possibly structural relationships between the production system of the rational city and a population permanently outside the system. We have noted the lack of programming, improvisation and urgency from which it has been tried to solve the housing question. We have drawn a sketch of the social and cultural complexity that happened in the colonial city, where different social classes lived Spanish and Moroccan urban and rural identities, military authorities, and so on.

The issue of housing, decent shelter for every inhabitant, flagship of the principles of rights and solidarity imposed by the rule of law, it is not just a housing issue, nor has a single path to achieve it, the question housing is a matter open to every urban community and every state in the pursuit of social conduct.

“Quand commence à parler a peuple of lui-même et de son passé, c’est qu’il est majeur. Durant ce sont les derniers siècles qui ont les Européens et disserté écrit sur nous, ils ont écrit comme sur l’Inde ou la Chine, et pour certains d’between eux, c’était the mark of the supériorité même occidentale. Aujourd’hui, nous parler à recommençons et à l’Occident are juger action. L’est ainsi rétablie égalité historique. »

BEN BARKA, Mehdi

Préface en LAHBABI, Mohamed (1958). Le gouvernent marocain a l’aube du XXº siècle. Préface de M. Mehdi Ben Barka. Ed. Techniques Nord-Afraines. Rabat 1958. P.3

Since the methodology and approach used in this research phenomenon, it has been remained a constant concern to link the critical analysis of history with the current processes of urban development and reflection on the city of tomorrow, from the focus of development ( + D), ie, from the search of solutions for the current state of the cities of Morocco and its issues: public policies of land management, habitat, bidonvilles, human development initiatives, participatory processes and good governance, asset management, the use of new technologies and application of bio-ecological logics in building and spatial design.

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